What accounts for the fact that many Asian countries have embraced democratic systems of government? Despite their myriad philosophical and religious traditions, these countries are seen to share certain core values, such as consideration for others, self-restraint, and mutual respect. These universal values have no doubt played a role in sustaining democratic institutions in Asia—a common thread running through the political life of these countries like a basso continuo.
Symposium participants will examine which values, if any, are commonly shared by Asian states and how they have sustained the evolution of those countries into modern democracies. Research findings on shared values in Asia will be referenced, and the future of Asia’s political and democratic institutions, as well as interstate relations, will be explored. Speakers including political and religious leaders, researchers, and others will shed light on the philosophies, religions, and political systems of Asia.
This symposium is being held as the second leg of a pair of Japan-India conferences. The first, titled “Samvad: A Global Hindu-Buddhist Initiative on Conflict Avoidance and Environment Consciousness,” was held in September 2015 in India.
President, The Tokyo Foundation
Akiyama graduated from the Faculty of Law of the University of Tokyo in 1964 and entered the Ministry of Finance. Professional career in government includes budget examiner in MOF’s Budget Bureau, head of the Banking Investigation Division in the Banking Bureau, and chief of the Nara Prefectural Police Headquarters. Moved to the Defense Agency in 1991, serving as director general of the Defense Policy Bureau and the Finance Bureau, and administrative vice-minister of defense in 1997. Was visiting scholar at the Kennedy School of Government of Harvard University in 1999, and was chairman of the Ocean Policy Research Foundation from 2001 to 2012. Was professor at Rikkyo University and visiting professor at CISS, Peking University. Assumed his current position in 2012.
Director, The Vivekananda International Foundation
Gen Vij was the 21st Chief of the Army Staff of India from Dec 2002- Feb 2005.His tenure as the Chief is known for many notable improvements in operational posture of the Army. After his superannuation from the Army, he was appointed Founder Vice Chairman of National Disaster Management Authority for five years from Sep 2005 – 2010. Presently he is the Director of the Vivekananda International Foundation, a non-partisan leading Think Tank in India.
Abbot Emeritus, Todaiji Temple, Japan
Kosei Morimoto was born in 1934 and entered Todaiji Temple in 1949. He graduated from Kyoto University in 1957 and studied at Cairo University from 1961–62. He received his Ph.D. from Kyoto University in 1968. His career at Todaiji has included the positions of Head of the Todaiji Library, Director of Todaiji School, Todaiji Finance Secretary, Education Secretary, Chief Secretary, Abbot of the Great Buddha Hall, Abbot of Join Temple, Chancellor of Todaiji Culture Center, and the 218th Chief Abbot. His research focuses on the socio-economic history of the early Islamic period. His publications include “The Fiscal Administration of Egypt in the Early Islamic Period”(1975)（received the Nihon Keizai Shimbun prize for literature on economics）, “Ibun Haruduun—Jinrui-no chiteki isan” (Ibn Khaldun—Humanity’s intellectual legacy)(1980), “Zenzaidouji gudou-no tabi” (Sudhana’s “Journey in search of truth”)(1998), “Sekaini-hirake kegon-no hana”（The Blossoming of Kegon Buddhism ― From India to Ancient Japan)(2006), ”Emperor Shomu”(2010), and “Ibn Khaldun”(2011). In 2001, he completed a Japanese translation of Ibn Khaldun’s four-volume Muqaddimah (Introduction to History).
Former President of the Republic of Indonesia
Dr. Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono (known as “SBY”) is the sixth President of the Republic of Indonesia, and also the country’s first directly elected President. Before assuming the Presidency, he successively held important positions as a 4-star general and cabinet minister, and became one of Asia’s most respected statesmen. During his 2 (two) terms in office between 2004 and 2014, Yudhoyono brought about political stability, high economic growth and resilience, conflict resolution and robust international role to his country as what the World Economic Forum called “Indonesia’s golden decade.” Under his leadership, Indonesia’s democracy steadily moved from strength to strength at a time when democracies around the world were in distress. As President of the country with the world’s largest muslim population, Yudhoyono has become a strong advocate for peaceful and moderate Islam, both internally as well as on the global stage. He devoted great efforts to develop closer relations between the western and Islamic world. He also promoted military reforms, and championed Indonesia’s peace-keeping operations around the world. Yudhoyono is presently chairman of Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI), an international organization based in Seoul, Korea. As per November 2015, he has 8,2 million followers on Twitter, and 5 million on Facebook.
Distinguished Research Professor, Sastra University, India
Swaminathan Gurumurthy, a well-known public personality in India, is a legal and financial professional, investigative journalist, writer, academic and activist. Visiting Faculty at the Indian Institute of Technology Bombay and Distinguished Professor of Legal Anthropology The Palkhivala Centre for Legal Anthropology Sastra University, he is Trustee and also Advisory Council member of Vivekananda International Foundation Delhi. Hamish McDonald, Australian journalist, lauded Gurumurthy’s “high sense of probity” and his investigative journalism as “the most powerful anywhere”. Media rates his knowledge of economics, finance and accounts as ‘outstanding’ and since 1990s it has consistently listed him among the most powerful Indians.
Former ASEAN Secretary General
Dr. Surin received his Ph.D. in Political Science and Middle Eastern Studies from Harvard University. After teaching Southeast Asian Affairs at Thammasat University and the American University in Washington, D.C., he has been elected as MP for 8 terms. During the period, he served as Minister of Foreign Affairs (1997-2001). Upon leaving the foreign affairs portfolio , he has been on the Advisory Board of a number of international organizations such as UN Human Security Trust Fund and the Council on Foreign Relations in New York. He assumed his post as the Secretary General of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) from 2008 until 2012. From2013, he has been appointed Professor Emeritus at Thammasat University.
Minister, Chief of the Cabinet Secretariat of the Government of Mongolia
Mr. Sangajav Bayartsogt is currently serving in his 5th parliamentary term. He also served as the Minister of Environment (1998-1999), Minister, Chief of the Cabinet Secretariat (2004-2006), Minister of Finance (2008-2012), and Deputy Chairman of the State Great Khural (Parliament) of Mongolia (2012-2013). Mr. Bayartsogt received his BA degree in Political Economy from the Moscow State University, Law degree from the National University of Mongolia, and MA in International Affairs from SIPA, Columbia University. He was the leader of youth organization during the democratic revolution in 1990 and was the youngest ever elected Member of Parliament and youngest politician to adopt the first democratic Constitution of Mongolia.
Professor Emeritus, The University of Tokyo
Professor, Meiji University
Chair of the Advisory Committee of the Japan Foundation Asia Center
Prof. Yamauchi graduated from Hokkaido University in 1971 and received his doctorate at the University of Tokyo. He has successively filled various posts at Cairo University, University of Sacred Heart in Tokyo, Turkish Historical Society, Harvard University, and the University of Tokyo. He is currently serving as professor emeritus at the University of Tokyo, specially appointed professor at Meiji University, and corporate advisor for Fuji Television Network, Inc. and Mitsubishi Corporation. Other than that, he is serving as chairperson on the National Security Secretariat Advisory Board, member of the Advisory Panel on the History of the 20th Century and on Japan’s Role and World Order in the 21st Century, member of Yokozuna Deliberation Council. In 2006, he was awarded Shiju Hosho (the Medal with Purple Ribbon). He has published extensively in his areas of teaching and research interest, and has received many prestigious awards including Yoshino Sakuzo Award, Shiba Ryotaro Award, Mainichi Publication Cultural Award, Suntory Prize for Social Science and Humanities, and Award for the Promotion of Studies on Developing Countries. His major scholarly work includes “Empire and Nation” (Iwanami, 2004), “An Introduction to the History of International Relations in the Middle East” (Iwanami, 2013), “What Is History” (PHP Bunko, 2014).
President, University of Niigata Prefecture，Professor Emeritus, The University of Tokyo
Takashi Inoguchi is Professor Emeritus, the University of Tokyo, and President, University of Niigata Prefecture, former Assistant Secretary General of the United Nations assigned to the United Nations University Headquarters. He has a Ph.D. from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He has published some 150 books and numerous articles both in English and in Japanese in a broad range of subjects focusing on Japan and international affairs. He is Founding Editor, Japanese Journal of Political Science (Cambridge University Press), International Relations of the Asia-Pacific (Oxford University Press), Asian Journal of Comparative Politics (Sage Publications) and Director of the AsiaBarometer Survey Project.
Professor, Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, The University of Tokyo
Mr. Kawashima was born in 1968. He holds s PhD in literature from the University of Tokyo. He became Assistant Professor to teach Asian Politics at the Faculty of Law, Hokkaido University, and Associate Professor at the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, the University of Tokyo. He has been in his current position since April 2015. He is currently also Senior Fellow at the Institute for International Policy Studies; the Editor in Chief of nippon.com, Advisor to the National Security Council, Cabinet Office, and member of the Advisory Panel on the History of the 20th Century and on Japan’s Role and the World Order in the 21st Century. He has studied Chinese/Taiwanese diplomatic history based on Chinese diplomatic archives and recently started a study on contemporary international relations in East Asia. His first book, the Formation of Chinese Modern Diplomacy (Nagoya University Press, 2004), was awarded the Suntory Academic Prize in 2004. He, among others, authored Groping for A Modern State: 1894-1925 (Iwanami Shoten, 2010), edited and partly authored International Politics surrounding Modern China (Chuokoron Shinsha, 2014), China Risk (Iwanami Shoten, 2015) and co-authored Distance for Global China (Iwanami Shoten, 2009), and Modern History of Japan-China Relations (Yuhikaku Publishing, 2013).
Priest of Komyoji Temple, Tokyo; Managing Director of Japan Fellowship of Buddhists
Shoukei Matsumoto is Managing Director of Japan Fellowship of Buddhists and a Buddhist Monk in Komyoji Temple, Jodo-Shinshu Hongwanji-ha. Born in 1979 in Japan, he graduated with B.A. degree in Literature from the University of Tokyo. Right after graduation, he started to serve as head of Komyoji Young Buddhist Association and initiated new projects such as Temple Café Project. In 2008, the association was awarded “Shoriki Matsutaro Prize” from a foundation for education. He is also the founder of Virtual Temple “HIGANJI” which is one of the most popular websites for Buddhists in Japan. He completed an MBA from Indian School of Business as an Ambassadorial Scholar of Rotary Foundation in 2011. After MBA, he started a project of “Mirai no Jushoku-Juku” or temple management school for Buddhist priests and monks. He has published more than 5 books in Japanese and some of them were translated into several other languages. He currently lives in Kyoto, Japan. In 2013, he was nominated as a member of Young Global Leaders 2013 from World Economic Forum in Davos.
Professor, Indian Institute of Management-Bangalore
Dr. R. Vaidyanathan is Professor of Finance at IIM- Bangalore. He is two times Fulbright scholar and a Fellow of ICSSR- Visiting Faculty at various universities in USA/UK, he has been selected by Business Today as one of the ten best professors at all IIMS. He has the rare privilege of being in various committees of regulators like SEBI/RBI/IRDA/PFRDA. He is consultant to many organizations and is on the board of many corporates. His recent book India Uninc–Role of Non-corporate sectors in India—which focus on Indian/Asian value systems- has been well received by planners and policy makers. He is working in the area of tax havens impacting countries like India and expected to be published soon.
Executive Director, The Habibie Center
Rahimah Abdulrahim is currently the Executive Director of The Habibie Center. In 2001, Ima was awarded the American Political Science Association (APSA) Congressional Fellowship from The Asia Foundation, and for ten months worked in the Office of Congresswoman Juanita Millender-McDonald – U.S. Congress. Ima was also selected for Yale’s flagship leadership development program (2015).Ima earned her Bachelor’s of Human Science (Hons) in Political Science and Islamic Revealed Knowledge & Heritage from the International Islamic University of Malaysia. She later obtained an M.A. in International Studies and Diplomacy from the School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS), University of London, UK. She is currently a Ph.D. candidate in Political Science at the School of Political, Social and International Studies, University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK.
Director, Institute of Ethnic Studies (KITA), National University of Malaysia (Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia)
Distinguished Professor Shamsul A.B. is one of the only four Distinguished Professors in Malaysia to date. Currently, he is Deputy Chair, National Council of Professors, Malaysia and the Pro-Tem Chair, Academy of Social Science & Humanities, Malaysia.Trained as a social anthropologist in Malaysia and Australia, he was a post-doctoral fellow at the CNRS, Paris, in 1986. He has researched, lectured and published extensively on the theme ‘economic development, culture and politics,’ with an empirical focus on maritime Southeast Asia & Malaysia. For successfully promoting Asian Studies globally, in 2008, he was awarded the prestigious Academic Prize, Fukuoka Cultural Award, Japan.
Director, Institute of Security and International Studies, Chulalongkorn University
Dr Thitinan Pongsudhirak is Associate Professor of International Relations and Director of the Institute of Security and International Studies at Bangkok’s Chulalongkorn University. He has authored many articles, books and book chapters on Thailand and ASEAN, and Mainland Southeast Asia. His comments and views are frequently published and aired in leading international media. Thitinan received his BA from University of California at Santa Barbara, MA from Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS), and PhD from London School of Economics where his work was awarded the UK’s Best Dissertation prize. He has held visiting positions at Victoria University in New Zealand, Johns Hopkins SAIS, Stanford University, and Yangon University, having lectured at many local and overseas universities. In June 2015, he received an award for excellence in opinion writing from the Society of Publishers in Asia (SOPA).
Visiting Senior Fellow, ISEAS-Yusof Ishak Institute
Tin Maung Maung Than, a Myanmar national, is Visiting Senior Fellow at the ISEAS-Yusof Ishak Institute (formerly Institute of Southeast Asian Studies) in Singapore. He has a Masters in nuclear physics (Rangoon Arts & Science University), a graduate diploma in economic planning (Rangoon Institute of Economics) and a Ph.D. in politics (School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London). He is a member of the International Institute for Strategic Studies (London) and the Association for Asian Studies (USA). He authored State Dominance in Myanmar: The Political Economy of Industrialization (Singapore: ISEAS, 2007) and his latest publication is “Myanmar in 2014: Great Expectations Unfulfilled” in Asian Survey 55:1 (January/February 2015). His research interests include: political economy of development, democratization and civil-military relations, human security, nuclear proliferation, Myanmar politics and economics.
Associate Professor and former Chair of Department, Department of History, Ateneo de Manila University
Ambeth R. Ocampo is a public historian whose research covers the late 19th century Philippines: its art, culture, and the people who figure in the birth of the nation. Dr. Ocampo is Associate Professor and former Chairman of the Department of History, Ateneo de Manila University; he served as Chairman, National Commission for Culture and the Arts (2005-2007) and Chairman, National Historical Commission of the Philippines (2002-2011). Dr. Ocampo has published 24 books, writes a widely read Editorial Page column for the Philippines Daily Inquirer, and moderates a growing Facebook Fan Page.
Associate Professor; Vice President of IISS, School of International Studies (SIS); Institute of International and Strategic Studies (IISS), Peking University
Yu Tiejun is an associate professor in the School of International Studies (SIS) and Vice President of the Institute of International and Strategic Studies (IISS) at Peking University. Previously, he studied at the University of Tokyo in 1998-2000, and served as visiting fellow at the Center for International Security and Cooperation at Stanford University in 2005, and also as visiting scholar at the Fairbank Center for East Asian Research at Harvard University in 2005-06. His research interests include international relations theory and East Asian studies. Dr. Yu received his Ph.D., M.A. and B.A. from Peking University.
Senior Fellow and Director of Foreign & Security Policy Research, The Tokyo Foundation
Watanabe became a dentist after graduating from the Tohoku University School of Dentistry. Attended the New School for Social Research, where he received his MA in political science. In 1996, became a visiting research scholar at the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS), going on to become a research associate, fellow, and, in March 2003, a senior fellow. In 2005, returned to Japan. After serving as a senior fellow at the Mitsui Global Strategic Studies Institute in Tokyo, assumed his current position. Is concurrently an adjunct fellow, CSIS, and senior fellow, Okinawa Peace Assistance Center.
Senior Fellow and Dierector of Policy Research, The Tokyo Foundation
After earning a law degree from the University of Tokyo, Kato joined the Ministry of International Trade and Industry in 1991.Served as assistant director for Aircraft and Defense Industries and deputy director for the International Economic Division (MITI) and senior fellow at the Research Institute of Economy,Trade, and Industry. Received an MBA (with honors) from Harvard Business School and Ph.D. in political science from the University of Michigan. Is concurrently a professor at the International University of Japan. His research focus is on comparative political economy, political methodology, and Japanese political economy.
Public Communications Officer, The Tokyo Foundation
Prior to joining the Tokyo Foundation, Mikiko Fujiwara served in the Prime Minister’s Office as assistant director of global communications, working primarily in the fields of risk communications and national branding following the Great East Japan Earthquake. She began her professional career at the Japan International Cooperation Agency, working in Vietnam for several years, and has also worked for a US-based law firm and a Tokyo think tank. She earned her master’s degree in international relations (with a focus on development economics and CSR) from the School of International and Public Affairs (SIPA), Columbia University.